Organs of the Respiratory System

Organs of the Respiratory System

Quick Fact!The rate at which human beings breathe is 12-18 breaths per minute. There are 1440 units in 24 hours, as a result, the average number of breaths drawn in by a human (at a rate of 12 breathing per minute) inside a day's time is 17,280.The main function of respiratory system is to allow gas exchange (oxygen and carbon dioxide) with different parts of the body. The various organs of the respiratory system are nose, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs.

These Types of Organs Carry Out the Operation of Breathing

The operation of breathing is classified as aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic breathing occurs in the presence of oxygen while anaerobic respiration doesn't require o2. The organs of the human being respiratory system carry out aerobic respiration and fulfill the oxygen demands of our body. Organs of the Respiratory SystemA detailed study of the respiratory system ought to help us understand the process of breathing. Functions of various organs in the respiratory system are presented below. NoseIt is a respiratory body organ through which air is inhaled as well as exhaled. Nostrils (also called external nares) are the various components of the nose which facilitate the process of inhalation and exhalation.1. Vestibule is actually part of nostrils which is lined with coarse hair. It filters and also humidifies the air getting into the nasal cavity.

Contraction of muscles of the diaphragm leads to expansion of the thoracic cavity; shrinkage of diaphragm is important from the point of expansion of lungs at the time of breathing. Interesting A look at Respiratory System1. There are more than 600 million alveoli in the lungs of a grownup person.

  • Cartilage is an external part of the nose which forms the tip.
  • The bony shelves which project from horizontal walls of the nose are referred to as inferior, center and also superior nasal conchae.

Meatuses are the Spaces Present Among Conchae.

PharynxPharynx is often a tubular part of the respiratory system which allows the passage of air into lungs. It is located behind the nasal and common cavities. Pharynx will be connected to the skull hole by means of muscles and connective tissue. The different areas of pharynx are because follows:

Improper Sleeping Position

Not using a pillow when sleeping at night can also cause stomach acids in order to leak into the wind pipe (food pipe) and trigger mucus to accumulate in the tonsils. This may at some point help to make the person cough at night. So, when lying down, make sure to work with a pillow since it will help to keep the head elevated and reduce the risk of acid reflux. Furthermore, sleeping right away post lunch or dinner can bring about acid reflux disorder signs. So, before prone, make sure there is a gap of at least 2 hours after food.

  • Epiglottis is composed of cartilaginous cells.
  • It is located in the starting of larynx (back of the tongue); the epiglottis will be covered with mucous.

Since the epiglottis receives abraded effortlessly (it lies in the digestive tract), its surface is covered with a layer of non-keratinized as well as stratified squamous epithelial cells. LarynxIt is a part of the respiratory system which connects the trachea with laryngopharynx. The larynx controls the flow of air at the time of breathing.

Capillaries Connect the Alveoli With the Rest of the Body.

Alveoli are found in the lungs of mammals only. Gas Exchange ProcessThe process of gas alternate inside alveoli will be seen as a inhalation of air and exhalation of carbon dioxide.

Oxygen makes its way into the blood vessels cells by means of alveoli and a network of capillaries.

Carbon dioxide is collected by the blood and maintained in order to lungs.

  • Carbon dioxide diffuses from capillaries that surround the alveoli and it is finally exhaled by lungs.
  • DiaphragmThe diaphragm is made of skeletal muscle groups.
  • It creates a partition between the thoracic and abdominal cavity.

Avoid Foods With Night

Case your persistent cough during the night is a result of stomach acid becoming sent up in the tonsils, skipping meals through the night might assist to prevent signs related to acid reflux. If this is not possible, make sure that you lie down 3 hours after having foods.

Diet and Lifestyle: The most important factor, which usually can help you guide a healthy life is a healthy diet as well as a great way of life. As far as the diet can be involved, it ought to be rich in antioxidants, selenium, vitamin c and E, and beta carotene. For the best results, you have to consume whole grains, nuts, whole wheat germ, vegetable oil, dark-colored fruits, and vegetables on a regular basis. Such a diet protects you from lung damage, and is good for smokers too. According to some studies, beta carotene is beneficial for protecting and building up the lungs; and this can be found abundantly within mangoes, carrots, apricots, sweet carrots, red and green peppers, and also cantaloupes. Balanced diet, along with regular exercises, are usually the basics of a healthy lifestyle.

The tracheal tube, when divided into two at the caudal end, gives rise to the left and right bronchus.

The left bronchus is shorter than the right one; the left one is sub-divided into 2 lobar bronchi; right bronchus, on the other hand, is sub-divided into 3 lobar bronchi. LungsHuman lungs tend to be conical organs present within the pleural some other primary. They will carry out the work of supplying the body with oxygen and getting rid of carbon dioxide.
  • Use a humidifier in order to increase the moisture in your room.
  • However, just be sure you are using sterile normal water for the equipment.
  • Inhaling vapor assists use a skin moisturizer throat and also nasal passages, and reduce discomfort.
  • Serve some hot water in a large vessel and cover your head with a towel.
  • Make sure that the hand towel is covering the charter boat also, so that it creates a steamy atmosphere inside of.
  • Then, lightly inhale the steam.
  • You will get similar benefits by spending some time inside a steam-filled bathroom.

Lungs anatomy


Sinusitis is a viral or infection that makes the sinuses swollen. Most people suffering from sinus infection often cough during the night. Sinusitis leads to irritation to the throat that results into breathing problems.


During the first three days of going through cold symptoms such as runny nose and coughing, you are prone to spread the infection to others. Since common colds can be easily spread by means of contact as well as just being close to be able to someone who is actually sneezing, you need to stay home and rest until the signs and symptoms relieve or subside. In a standard chilly an infection, the nose secretions are watering in the initial day or two, and later on become plumper and dark. The infection can be due to some of the several hundred viruses; nevertheless, in case your symptoms don't start to improve after a week, then you might have a bacterial infection, which is why you will need medicines. Consult your medical doctor in order to determine if you have an allergy or sinus infection.


As we have just seen that respiratory disease is contagious, it is wise to follow preventive steps in order to avoid it.

Vaccination is the Best Way of Preventing Bronchitis.

As the infection is contagious, it is recommended to stay away from people suffering from virtually any respiratory system disorders.

Can also be recommended to avoid discussing personal articles of daily use like towels, toothbrush, and so forth., meals or clothes with people suffering from virtually any respiratory disease.

Stop smoking and then try to reduce exposure to commercial irritants, secondhand smoking, and so on., in order to avoid chronic bronchitis.

Lastly, subsequent basic types of hygiene and hygiene such as washing hands, using hands sanitizers, and so on., aid in preventing viral infections to a great extent.

  • Bronchitis is actually a serious respiratory disorder and hence, timely diagnosis and treatment is crucial.
  • Finally, remember the old saying, prevention is better than cure!
  • Consequently, following the aforesaid precautionary measures can help in protecting against the disease to a great extent.

Factors Related to Chronic Dry Cough

Given the association of the situation with so many medical conditions, it is somehow difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. But medical professionals have been able to find out some leads to, based on the diagnosis they execute for their sufferers. Furthermore, generally, longterm dry shhh is frequently the result of another persistent underlying condition. The common causes may well include:Other CausesTreatment.

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