Akute Bronchitis Antibiotika: Antibiotics for bronchitis
Antibiotic prescription rates for grownups with the common malady remain despite an extended effort to get them down to zero, in the 60% to 80% range, a brand new report says. Acute bronchitis is a cough that continues up to three weeks, frequently after a cold or flu. "The horrible truth of acute bronchitis is the cough on average lasts for three weeks and it doesn't matter if you take an antibiotic or not," says Jeffrey Linder, a specialist in internal medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston.
Because of this, patients endure unnecessary side effects, such as allergic reactions and diarrhea, and they play a part in the growth and spread of germs that no longer react to over used antibiotics. The good thing is that for some illnesses, like children's ear infections and sore throats, antibiotic prescribing rates are going down, Linder says. The fact that the record for bronchitis is just not as great is unfortunate because "bronchitis works out to be the No. 1 reason doctors prescribe antibiotics to adults," says Ralph Gonzales, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.
However, the coughs due to bronchitis can continue for around three weeks or more even after all other symptoms have subsided. Most doctors rely on the presence of a constant cough that is dry or wet as evidence of bronchitis. Evidence will not support the general use of antibiotics in acute bronchitis. Unless microscopic examination of the sputum reveals large numbers of bacteria acute bronchitis should not be treated with antibiotics. Acute bronchitis generally lasts a few days or weeks. Should the cough last longer than the usual month, some physicians may issue a referral to an otorhinolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat doctor) to see if your condition other than bronchitis is causing the irritation.
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Antibiotics for Acute Bronchitis
Research on antibiotics and acute bronchitis reports that antibiotics reduce coughing slightly, but may cause side effects and lead to antibiotic resistance. All medications have side effects. Below are some important things to think about: Call911or other emergency services right away if you have: Call your doctor if you have: Distinct kinds of antibiotics have different side effects. The benefits of antibiotics for acute bronchitis are not large and must be weighed against the risk of side effects and the likelihood of antibiotic resistance.
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Get Smart about Antibiotics
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Bronchitis Treatments and Drugs
We offer appointments in Florida, Arizona and Minnesota and at Mayo Clinic Health System locations. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up so far on a wide variety of health issues. Most cases of acute bronchitis resolve without medical treatment in two weeks. In some conditions, your physician may prescribe drugs, including: If you have chronic bronchitis, you may benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation a breathing exercise program by which a respiratory therapist teaches you the way to breathe more easily and increase your ability to exercise.