Emedicine Bronchitis: Dry Drowning in Infants

Emedicine Bronchitis: Dry Drowning in Infants

When we breathe, expansion of lungs takes place, which generates a negative pressure in the lungs. The air that is filled up in the chest is inhaled by nose and travels from the nose, larynx, and upper airways. This is the normal functioning of lungs while we breathe. According to the classical definition of drowning, the term is used to describe death when occurred due to water filled in lungs. The person feels suffocated due to water in his lungs. Thereafter, this suffocation causes death. However, this is not the case with dry drowning, where an involuntary laryngospasm reflex causes an inability to breathe, as air cannot be inhaled into the lungs. This leads to unconsciousness and the person dies from lack of oxygen. It is a type of suffocation. This article will educate you about dry drowning in infants.

Check the Diet

Some food items assist in loosening mucus in the respiratory tract. You can think of integrating citrus fruits, pineapple, cauliflower, garlic, and celery in the diet. Sipping hot drinks and spicy meals will aid in opening the air passages. However, refrain from any kind of cold food during the episode of productive cough.

What is Walking Pneumonia? Walking pneumonia is caused by the bacterial organism known as mycoplasma pneumoniae, and is hence also referred to with this name. The term walking pneumonia stems from the fact that people with this mild form of infection are not sick enough to be hospitalized. They can continue with their daily activities without having to take bed rest or undergo serious medical treatment. However, this form of lung infection is highly contagious, and can spread from one person to another, especially in places like schools, day cares, work places, and prisons. This is the reason why it is also known as community-acquired pneumonia. Identifying the symptoms of this infection can help in providing immediate treatment and preventing the spread of this contagious infection.

  • As the name rightly suggests, kennel cough is a kind of canine sickness that impacts the respiratory system of canines.
  • This is a infectious disease which is found in order to spread in dogs that are kept in close vicinity (as in kennels).
  • Otherwise known as tracheobronchitis, this condition can be brought on by certain viruslike and bacterial infections.
  • The most common one of them are bordetella bronchiseptica, canine parainfluenza - 3 and also canine adenovirus type 2.
  • Kennel cough may be a self-limiting problem that may subside within a short period.

Mucus refers to the secretion that is produced by the mucus membranes that line the sinuses, nose, mouth, throat, lungs and the gastrointestinal tract. The secretions from the mucus membranes in the nose humidify the inhaled air, and trap environmental irritants, allergens or pathogens. Phlegm, which is also referred to as sputum, is basically the congealed mucus that contains these irritants. Whenever congealed mucus gets accumulated in the throat or lungs, it needs to be coughed up. This is basically a way of expelling the irritants or disease-causing agents from the respiratory system.

Though production of mucus is an immune response, persistent coughing that is caused due to excessive production of phlegm in throat or lungs is undoubtedly a very annoying problem. At times, excessive amounts of mucus can block the airways and affect one's breathing. If a person has been persistently coughing up mucus, he/she must get a medical checkup done. In a majority of cases, pathogenic infections are responsible for the increased production of mucus. Given below is some information on the medical conditions that may be responsible for causing excessive production of phlegm.

The blood volume in your body increases, which is why the veins and capillaries are pumped with more than normal quantity of blood, causing them to swell. This too can cause congestion.

Avoid Cough Suppressant

Cough suppressant is recommended for treatment of dry cough, but not for a chesty or productive cough. Therefore, do not use this kind of formulations, even if cough with mucus is actually irritating as well as sometimes painful. Even the best cough suppressant exacerbates mucus production.

Hormonal changes also weaken the immune system during pregnancy. This is normal, as your body is only adjusting to the changes that are taking place, and not retaliating to the development of a foreign object inside you (the fetus, in this case). Due to weakening of the immune system, cold can occur several times.

While production of mucus is a protective mechanism that the body employs to trap the pathogens or allergens, expectoration is a reflex action that helps to expel phlegm from the body. Though swallowing phlegm is not harmful, it would be best to avoid swallowing phlegm. While medical treatment or home remedies may help in expelling mucus, one must also make the right lifestyle choices so as to prevent the accumulation of phlegm in throat or lungs in future.

Remedy: Small gallstones are not a cause for concern but in case of medium to large sized gallstones that get stuck in the bile duct, symptoms progressively worsen. The doctor may prescribe certain medications that promote dissolution of gallstones. Increasing fluid intake and having plenty of vegetables and fruits, especially apples can also help to get rid of gallstones.

Preventive MeasuresPrevention, as they say, is always better than cure. Here are a few things to keep in mind to stay away from illnesses in general. The aggressiveness of pneumonia makes the prevention of this disease imperative. Once a person is beset with pneumonia a lot of time and energy is expended in order to recover completely.

Can the Ribs Get Bruised from Coughing? Now that you know the way the ribs help along the way of breathing, let me tell you the effect of coughing on breathing. Under normal circumstances, breathing is definitely an involuntary action, that is almost effortless. However, one may suffer from painful or labored breathing in due to repetitive strain to ribs because of torso congestion. If the body will try to get rid of the taken in toxic irritants by way of cough, the ribs may suffer from trauma as a result of repetitive or spasmodic contraction of the chest cavity.

The violent release of air or perhaps phlegm during hacking and coughing suits can even cause the ribs to break. Continual rounds of violent coughing over a prolonged period of time could be caused as a result of bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, whooping cough or other respiratory infections. Anyone who has delicate or brittle bones are at a higher risk of getting a bruised or a cracked rib from coughing. This is the reason why people suffering from degenerative bone tissue disorders like osteoarthritis, osteoporosis or other types of arthritis are more susceptible to building bruised ribs because of coughing. Bruised or cracked ribs can cause labored and painful breathing. One may also experience severe pain while bending or moving the torso.

Rib Motion throughout Breathing As you already know, the rib cage is really a bony and cartilaginous structure which encloses the chest cavity. It acts as a protective covering for the blood vessels as well as the essential organs present in the chest cavity. So that you can understand how ribs may get bruised from coughing, one must understand the movement of ribs throughout the action of breathing. The act of breathing concurs with the expansion and contraction of the thorax. The act of inhaling and exhaling air can be associated with the movements of diaphragm, which is a sheet of muscle tissue that separates tummy cavity and the abdominal cavity.

  • Contour diaphragm, groups of muscles located in the spaces between the ribs, also help in moving the rib cage up and straight down.
  • It is the expansion and contraction of the thorax that changes the pressure within the lungs.
  • The movement of the ribs throughout the act of breathing, is likened to the 'bucket handle' type of motion.
  • This motion helps the lungs in order to inflate or deflate.
  • Throughout breathing, the movement of the external intercostal muscle groups and also the diaphragm brings about the enlargement of the chest cavity.
  • This works well for drawing air into the lungs.
  • Throughout exhalation, the diaphragm and also the internal intercostal muscle tissue unwind.
  • This reduces the space in the chest cavity.
  • This causes the lungs to deal which in turn leads to the air to be forced upwards.

Treatment Options

Pathogenic infections emerge as the main contributory factor behind accumulation of mucus in throat or lungs which is why affected individuals must get a thorough medical checkup done. Doctors usually conduct chest X-rays, sputum analysis and blood tests to diagnose the underlying condition. Mucus color also provides valuable insights on the nature of infection. For instance, yellow or green mucus usually indicates viral or bacterial infections. While medical treatment usually involves the use of drugs, expectorants or decongestants, one can also try some remedies for getting rid of phlegm in throat. These remedies may help in loosening mucus. Here are some home remedies that may help to effectively expel phlegm.

  • Scratchy Throat RemediesScratchy Throat Remedies Scratchy itchy throat is generally a symptom associated with other neck conditions. There are lots of scratchy throat brings about - viral infections (like cold or flu), bacterial infections (like strep throat or perhaps whooping cough), allergies,...
  • Remedy Number 1

    Turmeric and Milk This is a very popular cure in the Indian subcontinent. All you need to do is mix some sugar (for taste) as well as turmeric ( tsp) to a glass of hot milk and consume it. The heat of the milk and the therapeutic properties of the turmeric will help drive the cough and sore throat symptoms away.

    Since regular episodes of violent coughing can make the ribs to develop splits or get bruised, one should make sure that the cough is resolved at the earliest. Drug therapy or self-care steps must be used so as to prevent cough through worsening to such a good extent. Given that painful breathing or perhaps rib pain while breathing problems could be indicative of bruised or broke ribs, don't ignore these kinds of symptoms. If you ever suffer from these symptoms, the wise thing to do would be to get a medical checkup done immediately.

    Herbal Remedies

    Honey and Pepper This is an age-old remedy which helps against dry cough. Honey helps sooth the throat and it also helps coat the area in the throat that has faced the maximum friction due to coughing. Pepper fights off the infection and helps subside the bouts for a while. All you need to do is to take a tablespoon of honey and then add a pinch of powdered pepper to it. Mix the concoction and swallow gently. Do not drink water after swallowing this concoction, as that would wash away the honey and pepper.

    Our immune system has its own way of dealing with this particular situation, but if the immune system itself is weak, these types of germs may find a way into the lungs, thereby leading to an infection. Under normal circumstances, the immune system will get activated on detecting foreign agents, and also the disease-causing bacteria, viruses, fungus, or toxins, and so forth., are coughed out together with mucus. Nonetheless, if the mechanism doesn't work, pathogens could find a way into the lungs and start multiplying. When lungs get infected, the act of breathing would no longer be troublefree. Besides breathing problems, one may also experience symptoms such as torso congestion, wheezing, chills, fever, cough, or loss of appetite.

    Thyroid Problems

    The thyroid gland found in the neck does a very important job of producing hormones, that ensure normal metabolic rate, for overall well-being. Thyroid problems can affect normal production of hormones. It is observed that symptoms of chills (with no elevated body temperature) and extreme tiredness are experienced by people, when the thyroid hormone is not being produced in sufficient amounts (hypothyroidism).

    Other Illnesses

    Some hereditary irregularities may also be responsible for airway obstruction. In the event that whistling sounds are also accompanied by other symptoms such as mouth area breathing, snoring and snorting, your dog might be suffering from brachycephalic syndrome. If your dog makes such sounds when excited or following exertion, it may be a measure of health problems. Tumors of the larynx, trachea or lungs could cause noisy breathing in canines.

    Symptoms of Scarred Lungs

    Chest Pain.

    Some people might experience chest pain. Along with pain, it also causes discomfort in the chest, and areas surrounding it. When one engages in an exercise, or even mundane household chores, one may be disturbed by the breathing discomfort caused.

    Eustachian Tube - Ear Pressure, Cartilage, Muscle and Bone, Tissue Regeneration, Expel Fluids, ++

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    • Garlic: If you can tolerate the taste and smell of garlic, then this is a very good remedy to use.
    • Garlic has antibiotic and antifungal properties, and acts as a natural expectorant.
    • Crush 2 - 3 cloves of garlic and keep eating them daily, till your throat gets better.

    General, a small kennel cough may diminish on its own with correct as well as timely treatment. In such cases, the length of the cough will be close to two to three weeks. However, this duration may be affected by various factors such as age of the dog, the physical condition, underlying diseases and also type of disease-causing pathogen. In short, kennel cough period in normal cases is just about two to three weeks. But, older canines and puppies with a weak immune system or underlying medical problem may take longer to recover from the situation.

    This period may be longer in dogs that produce supplementary infections. Mild cases can be resolved with proper care. You have to keep the dog in a warm and humid atmosphere and provide it with wet food. As collars as well as leashes may aggravate the cough, take them of. If the signs acquire severe, medicine like antibiotics, bronchodilators, decongestants as well as antitussives, are usually prescribed. Occasionally, the dog might be required to be admitted in medical center, in the event that his/her condition worsens.

    You have two or more dogs, isolate the one with kennel cough. The mode for the treatment of kennel cough may vary from one animal to another. So, it is always a good idea to preventthe condition, with proper care and also cleanliness. Keep the dog in a location with proper ventilation. Above all, you should vaccinate your puppy towards this disease. Although the effectiveness of the kennel cough vaccine for longer periods remains a much debated topic, it is found to be useful in protecting against this disease in dogs, to some extent. Vaccination must be done as per the advice of your vet. Another essential point to note is that you have to take the dog to the vet, if you feel that the canine is rolling out kennel cough. Early treatment is always helpful in reducing kennel cough duration.

    • The term 'wheezing' refers to the rough whistling sound that is produced when air flows through limited airways.
    • This kind of seems are mainly related to the increased airflow velocity in the constricted airways.
    • When the airways tend to be constricted, the passage of oxygen is not sleek and also oxygen has to squash its way through.
    • If your dog is persistently producing such whistling appears while breathing, you must check with a veterinarian quickly.
    • Changes in the breathing pattern of your dog could be indicative of specific illnesses.


    Another common cause of a dry cough that is particularly worse at night, is bronchospasm. It refers to the narrowing of the airways. This narrowing is caused by the sudden constriction of the muscles in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles.

    Cough Expectorant

    For those who have a damp cough, but finding it difficult to cough up mucus, a cough expectorant is considered to be the best solution. You should use a trusted over-the-counter cough expectorant for efficient expelling of mucus. Whilst taking this kind of cough syrups, carefully follow the directions pointed out in the label.

    Peppermint Tea

    Make teas with fresh peppermint leaves and allow it to simmer for about 15 minutes. This particular concoction assists heal inflammation and in addition it fights infection. It reduces the throat and makes it possible to feel relaxed. It is also believed to be a pain reliever, and is supposed to reduce the levels of stress.

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