Bronchitis In A: Organs of the Respiratory System

Bronchitis In A: Organs of the Respiratory System

Quick Fact!The rate at which humans breathe is 12-18 breathing per minute. There are 1440 minutes in 24 hours, therefore, the average number of breaths drawn in by a man (at a rate of 12 breathing per minute) in the day's period is 17,280.The main function of respiratory system is to allow gas exchange (oxygen and carbon dioxide) with different parts of the body. All the organs of the respiratory system are nose, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs. These types of organs carry out the process of breathing.

The Process of Respiration is Classified as Aerobic and Anaerobic

Aerobic respiration takes place in the presence of oxygen while anaerobic respiration doesn't require oxygen. The organs of the human respiratory system execute aerobic respiration and fulfill the oxygen demands of our body. Organs of the Respiratory SystemA detailed study of the respiratory system should help us understand the process of respiration. Functions of various organs in the respiratory system are presented below. NoseIt is a respiratory body organ through which air is breathed in and also exhaled. Nostrils (also called external nares) are usually the various components of the nose which facilitate the process of inhalation and exhalation.1. Vestibule will be an integral part of nostrils which is lined with coarse hair. It filters and also humidifies the air entering the nasal cavity.

  • Bronchitis is often a respiratory problem that occurs when the bronchi or the airways of the lungs get painful.
  • The soreness can occur as a result of bacterial or viral infections.
  • Bronchitis may be broadly divided into two types: viral bronchitis and bacterial bronchitis.
  • It should be noted that it can also be caused because of to several other factors like smoking, inhaling flying pollutants, etc.
  • However, viral bronchitis is the most common type of bronchitis, affecting a large number of people every year.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection of the lungs. Although the lungs are the most common site for this kind of infection to happen, it can occur in any organ of the body, like the spinal cord, kidneys, or the brain. TB is contagious and can spread to a healthy person from a person infected with it. TB may be either latent or active. A latent type does not show any symptoms until it becomes active.

  • Carbon dioxide diffuses from capillary vessels that surround the alveoli which is finally exhaled by lungs.
  • DiaphragmThe diaphragm is formed of skeletal muscles.
  • It creates a partition between the thoracic and abdominal cavity.

Meatuses Will be the Places Present Between Conchae

PharynxPharynx is a tubular part of the respiratory system allowing the passage of air into lungs. It is located at the rear of the nasal and common cavities. Pharynx is actually connected to the skull hole by means of muscles and connective tissues. The different areas of pharynx are as follows:

Other Conditions

Here are some other conditions that cause cough and chest pain in addition to chest burning. When you experience chest burning with cough, it shouldn't be taken lightly. Because this article has created, it could be an indication of a few main condition, disregarding of which might lead to serious well being effects.

  • Asthma . is marked by major symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and dyspneal breathing.
  • Phlegm is coughed out with much difficulty due to which your throat may experience momentary irritation and/or aggravation.
  • Why is Your youngster Having a Dried up Cough?
  • Factors that might lead to dry cough in children include:

Never Take Phlegm

The most reliable remedy for cough with phlegm is to throw up the sputum as much as you can. This ensures eradicating of excess mucus from the respiratory system, thereby preventing build up of the same and its associated infection. Drinking a lot of water additionally is great for mucus expectoration.

  • SolutionApplication of heat, plenty of rest and specific anti-inflammatory treatment forms are seen to work best.
  • But if this does not necessarily have the desired effect then a visit to the doctor is required.

Symptoms During the first three days of suffering from cold symptoms such as runny nose and shhh, you are prone to spread the infection to others. Since colds can be easily spread by means of get in touch with and also simply being close to be able to someone who is sneezing, it is best to stay home and rest until the symptoms ease or subside. In a common chilly infection, the nasal secretions are watery in the initial couple of days, and later become thicker and dark. The infection can be brought on by any of the hundreds of viruses; nevertheless, in case your symptoms will not start to improve after a week, then you might have a bacterial infection, that you will need medicines. Consult your medical doctor to be able to determine if you have an hypersensitivity or nose infection.

  • Yellow Phlegm: It may be possible that the phlegm may change its consistency and color depending on the stage of the condition.
  • Yellow mucus is seen in case of a bacterial infection, lower respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, cold, or flu.
  • Know that it is the accumulation of inflammatory cells that produce a thick, yellow mucus.
  • Besides, the ejection of phlegm becomes very painful and uncomfortable, especially when it thickens.

Improper Sleeping Position

Not using a pillow when sleeping during the night can also result in stomach acids to leak into the wind pipe (food pipe) and trigger mucous to accumulate in the neck. This may at some point make the person coughing at night. So, when lying down, make sure to make use of a pillow as it will help to keep the head elevated and reduce the risk of acid reflux. Also, sleeping immediately post lunch or dinner can result in acid reflux symptoms. So, before lying down, make sure there is a gap of at least 2 hours after meals.

Asthma (indicated by way of a chronic dried up cough) Whooping cough (indicated by a dry, hacking cough in which lasts for months)

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  • Cartilage is an external part of the nose which forms the tip.
  • The bony shelves which usually project from side walls of the nose are referred to as inferior, midsection as well as superior nasal conchae.

Look into the medical history makes it clear that this lung disease is most common among people with emphysema. One important issue that needs to be dealt with before the treatment method is to acknowledge whether the enlargement of cystic places could be referred to as bullae or could it be a congenital bronchial problem? Cystic spaces unlike bullae do not lead to the destruction of lungs, thus, the treatment methodology is entirely different.

Carbon Dioxide is Collected from the Blood Vessels and Carried to Lungs.

Inhaling heavy steam aids moisturize throat and nasal passages, and reduce irritability. Serve some domestic hot water in a large vessel and cover your head with a towel. Make sure that the bath towel is covering the vessel as well, so that it creates a steamy surroundings inside. Then, lightly inhale the steam. You can get similar benefits by spending some time inside a steam-filled bathroom.

  • Capillaries connect the alveoli with the rest of the body.
  • Alveoli are found in the lungs of mammals only.
  • Gas Exchange ProcessThe procedure for fuel exchange in alveoli will be seen as a inhalation of o2 as well as exhalation of carbon dioxide.

The tracheal tube, when divided into two at the caudal end, gives rise to the left and right bronchus. The left bronchus is shorter than the right one; the left one is sub-divided into 2 lobar bronchi; right bronchus, on the other hand, is sub-divided into 3 lobar bronchi. LungsHuman lungs are usually conical organs found inside the pleural cavities. They will carry out the work of providing the body with o2 and getting rid of fractional co2.

Phlegm with Blood: Blood may appear in the sputum if you smoke excessively, or are exposed to pollution. Besides, coughing up phlegm with blood indicates that there is severe congestion in the respiratory passages, or minor damage to the tissue of the sinus and nasal cavities. However, phlegm with traces of blood must be attended to without delay, as it may be the indicator of an impending health problem. To err on the side of caution, consult a medical practitioner immediately.

Diet and Lifestyle: The most important factor, which usually can help you direct a healthy life is a healthy diet and a good lifestyle. So far as the diet is worried, it should be rich in antioxidants, selenium, ascorbic acid and E, and beta carotene. For best results, you have to eat whole grains, nuts, wheat germ, vegetable acrylic, dark-colored fruits, and vegetables on a regular basis. Such a diet protects you from lung harm, and is good for smokers too. According to some studies, beta carotene is beneficial for protecting and strengthening the lungs; and this can be found abundantly in mangoes, carrots, apricots, sweet potatoes, all kinds of peppers, and cantaloupes. A balanced diet, along with regular exercises, are the basics of a healthy lifestyle.

The Best Remedies for Bronchial Cough

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Can be advised to avoid sharing personal articles of daily use just like towels, toothbrush, and so on., foods or clothes with people suffering from any kind of respiratory disease.

  • Epiglottis is composed of cartilaginous muscle.
  • It is located on the opening of larynx (back of the tongue); the epiglottis is covered with mucous.
  • Oxygen penetrates the blood vessels cells by means of alveoli and a network of capillaries.
  • Oxygen is carried to the tissues of different parts of the body by means of blood.

How Long is Bronchitis Contagious After Taking Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are prescribed to treat bacterial cases of bronchitis. After taking antibiotics, the infection usually subsides completely in 7-8 days. But, antibiotics are ineffective against viral infection and chronic cases of bronchitis. In minor cases, the infection resolves on its own. Once the symptoms subside completely, after completing the course of antibiotics, bronchitis is not contagious.

Stop smoking cigarettes and continue to reduce exposure to industrial irritants, secondhand smoke, and so forth., in order to avoid chronic bronchitis.

  • Smoking . causes coughing of phlegm that is green, rusty-brown, yellow, blood-stained, or foul-smelling.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux, . or bacterial, or viral infections in the lungs, like acute bronchitis, whooping cough, and croup in children.
  • Pneumonia - It can be the redness of the alveoli of the lungs, caused due to bacteria, virus, fungus, or additional parasites.
  • Mucus-producing cough, temperature, shortness of breath, head ache, muscle pain, chest pain, chills, and so forth., are the symptoms of pneumonia.
  • Causes Of late, numerous studies have revealed that marijuana smokers tend to be prone to this lung problem as compared to cigarettes smokers.
  • Pot smokers inhale more quantity of smoke and hold it for a larger occasion than tobacco smokers.
  • This is the basic reason due to which a pot smoker is discovered with this lung disorder at least twenty years before a tobacco smoker.
  • Deficiency of alpha-1 antitrypsin can also be one of the reasons that may cause this disease.

Postnasal drip Laryngitis Exposure to be able to environmentally friendly allergens or irritants

GERD/ Acid Reflux

People suffering from GERD or acid reflux disease often complain of inhaling and exhaling trouble after eating. Although, GERD and acid reflux do not necessarily mean the same thing, acid reflux often progresses to be able to Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. These are lifestyle diseases, which can be cured by living a healthy lifestyle.

  • Wheezing in DogsWheezing in Dogs The term wheezing refers to the coarse whistling sound that is produced when air flows through constricted airways. This kind of appears are mainly related to the increased airflow velocity in the narrowed airways. When the airways are narrowed,...
    • The treatment of viral bronchitis is different from that of microbe bronchitis.
    • Therefore, it is essential to get the situation identified properly before starting treatment.

    Hives Chills Looseness of the bowels Sneezing Vomiting Pores and skin rash Sore throat Watery eye Weight reduction Hoarse voice Irritability Listlessness Stomach soreness Crying periods Gagging cough Raucous breathing Quick heartbeat Red, itchy eyes Labored breathing Increased drooling Runny or perhaps stuffy nose Difficulty swallowing Excessive perspiration Bad feeding/loss of appetite High fever or a low-grade fever.

    • Although not a food product, I looked at which includes it in the list because smoke directly has an effect on the lungs and damages the cilia.
    • Over time, the cilia loses its ability to clean the smoke debris, irritants, as well as extra mucus, from the lungs.
    • This makes all the smoker vunerable to infections and when this individual catches an infection, the recovery is actually long and burdensome.

    Various lung diseases may also lead to coughing up of blood (a condition known as hemoptysis), skin color taking on a bluish color (due to lack of oxygen in the blood), and most commonly chest pain.

    Viral infections for example common cold and also flu Breathing dry, heated air

    • Keep your head increased while sleeping.
    • Use a lot more pillows than usual.
    • Use a humidifier to increase the moisture in your room.
    • However, ensure that you are using sterile normal water for the device.
    Symptoms just like temperature, cough, sore throat, headache, etc., typically happen as a result of respiratory problems. However, because they symptoms will also be observed when suffering from some other illness, it is really difficult to identify the exact cause without consulting a doctor. Allergy is one of the most common cause of fever and cough together, in people. But, there can be a number of other possible causes like those mentioned below in short.
    • Diseases that Affect the Lungs Lung diseases may result from problems in one or multiple parts of the organ.
    • Some common examples have been listed below.
    • Symptoms of Lung Disease

    Since the epiglottis receives abraded effortlessly (it lies in the digestive tract), its surface is covered with a layer of non-keratinized and stratified squamous epithelial cells. LarynxIt is often a part of the respiratory system which connects the trachea with laryngopharynx. The larynx controls the flow of air at the time of breathing.

    • Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing bronchitis.
    • As the infection is contagious, it is recommended to stay away from people suffering from virtually any respiratory disorders.
    • Remedy # 2 - Steaming One of the best remedy for a sore throat and dry cough is to carry through a steaming session.
    • Boil a vessel of water and add 3-4 drops of eucalyptus oil in it.
    • Then cover the vessel with a towel and go on to take a steam.
    • Come up for fresh air every time the steam gets too much for you.
    • Continue doing this till the water has cooled down.
    • Steaming dislodges the built mucus and pushes it down to the throat.
    • This then helps in speeding the healing process.
    • The other alternative is to draw a hot bath, add the eucalyptus oil in it and soak for 20 minutes.

    Lastly, pursuing basic types of cleanliness and health such as washing hands, using palm sanitizers, and so on., aid in preventing viral infections to a large degree.

    • Bronchitis will be a serious respiratory disorder thus, timely diagnosis and treatment is essential.
    • Lastly, remember the old saying, reduction is better than cure!
    • Consequently, following the aforesaid precautionary measures can help in protecting against the disease to a great extent.

    Factors Linked to Chronic Dry Cough

    Given the connection of the condition with so many medical ailments, it is in some way difficult to pinpoint the exact cause. But health workers have been able to find out some leads to, based on the diagnosis they perform with regard to their patients. Furthermore, in most cases, longterm dry cough is often the result of another chronic fundamental medical condition. The common causes may include:Other CausesTreatment.

    Bronchitis in a

    • Kennel cough can development straight into pneumonia or other respiratory complications regarding puppies or even very old dogs.
    • Therefore, you require to be very careful in this case.
    • Although the signs and symptoms subside after a couple of days, it is essential to take drugs.
    • Bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics.
    • One should also understand that prevention of kennel cough is possible through vaccination against all of the aforementioned virus.
    • Disinfecting kennels and keeping the dog away from other infected dogs helps in preventing the spread of this disease.

    Treatment The treatment depends on whether the tuberculosis is latent or active. Treatment takes a long time and can span up to a period of more than 9 months. For latent TB, an antibiotic known as isoniazid (INH) is administered for a period of around 9 months. For active TB, the doctor usually prescribes a combination of four different types of antibiotics, given for a period of around 6 months, which might be extended to continue for another 3 - 4 months if needed. In severe cases, a surgery to remove the affected lung tissues may be required. It is imperative that the patient takes the medicines for the suggested period regularly without missing any dose.

    Prevention As we have just seen that respiratory disease is contagious, it is wise to follow safety measures to avoid it.

    • Know the Causes Common cold, . a frequent cause of acute coughing up of phlegm, especially in the morning.
    • Allergies . due to irritants, like dust, pet dander, chemical fumes, etc.


    Leads to episodes marked by a spasmodic pattern of coughing. Directly affecting the pulmonary system, the cough is thick in consistency and varies in color depending on the severity of the condition. In the prodromal stages of the condition, a patient is found to eject yellow phlegm; however, if the condition is not checked on time, the sputum color may change to green, or may be stained with traces of blood.

    Coughing is a reflex response occurring due to stimulation of the sensory nerves in the inner lining of the respiratory passages. It usually occurs due to blockage in the respiratory passages by inhaling dust particles in the air, or when a morsel of food goes down through the wrong passage. Phlegm or mucus is a thick, jelly-like fluid coughed up from the throat.

    • Allergy As mentioned above, allergy is the most common cause of chest congestion.
    • Allergic reaction can be experienced from various airborne products; resulting in cough, rash and occasional congestion.
    • People allergic to pollen, smoke, dust, mold, etc., experience these symptoms.
    • Bullous lung disease is a lung disorder, that causes an individual to suffer from shortage of air.
    • This results as a result of the development of bullae in the lungs of an individual.
    • Bullae are usually thin-walled, air-filled cystic spaces that surpass 1 cm in diameter and are found within the lungs.
    • The lung loses the capability to expand and contract completely, and the problem is termed as fibrosis.
    • The bullae also start interfering with the pulmonary technicians.
    • The incapability of the lungs to expand and contract causes shortage of breath which may result in infection.
    • This is a serious lung problem, which in extreme cases could cause complete destruction of the lungs.
    • Remedy # 5 - Hot Water Seems too simple?
    • Good, that's basically the idea.
    • Hot water when sipped throughout the day will keep the throat from drying up, thus preventing the painful bouts of dry cough.
    • Other than that it will also act as a means of killing the bacterial growth and providing relief from the pain and inflammation in the throat.

    GERD (gastroesophageal regurgitate disease) Pneumonia (mostly widespread in school-aged children) Interstitial lung disease (less common in infants and children)

    • Cough, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and wheezing are the most common symptoms which show up in a person suffering from any kind of lung disease.
    • Although rare but incidents of stridor (refers to a whistling sound; usually occurs during inspiration).
    • Symptoms that could Accompany Note that, a cough is not a condition in itself, but a great outcome of something else.
    • Depending on what is causing it, your child may demonstrate the following symptoms in addition to the cough.

    Contraction of muscles of the diaphragm leads to expansion of the thoracic cavity; shrinkage of diaphragm is important from the point of expansion of lungs at the time of breathing. Interesting Facts about Respiratory System1. There are over 600 million alveoli in the lungs of a grownup individual.

    Garlic: Garlic Contains Antibiotic and Antifungal Properties

    Chew on 2 cloves of garlic in the morning and evening. However, the taste of garlic is extremely strong which makes it difficult to chew. So, when you chew garlic, take 1 spoon of honey along with it. But, be warned about the fact that eating garlic can make your breath smell.

    Food Allergies

    Allergies to be able to certain food items will be yet another cause of inhaling and exhaling troubles after consuming. It is likely that you may not need prior experience of allergic signs and symptoms with that particular foods item. Food allergies often area out of nowhere and get induced when you consume an otherwise 'harmless' food item.

    Avoid Food With Night

    In case your persistent cough at night is due to stomach acid getting sent up inside the neck, skipping meals during the night may assist to prevent signs and symptoms associated with acid reflux. If this is not possible, make sure that you lie down 3 hours after having food.


    One of the most common symptoms of chronic bronchitis is that it makes a lot of phlegm and mucous with the cough. There are extreme bouts of cough which are extremely, very painful and result in a burning sensation in the chest. Bronchitis is caused when there is an inflammation in the airways of the lungs (from the location where the air passes) which leads to the formation of mucus (thick or otherwise), shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing and blocking of the airway. When you do, there is burning inside the chest along with coughing as well as a feeling of tightness in the chest as well. There may also be chest congestion and cough. Bronchitis is mainly caused by cigarette smoking and the constant exposure to other harmful substances like dust, chemicals and gases that lead to irritation in the lungs and lead to the development of bronchitis.