Bronchitis In Adults: Collapsed Lung Recovery
Lungs are paired organs that are located under the rib cage, on either side of the chest. They play a very important role in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. They are lined by a protective two-layered serous membrane called pleura. While the inner membrane is attached to the lungs, the outer one is attached to the chest wall. The space between these two layers is called pleural space. It is filled with a fluid. As the lungs inflate and deflate during the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, the fluid within these membranes helps these two layers slide over each other.
- When the lungs inflate or expand by increasing the size of the chest cavity, it results in a negative (vacuum) pressure in the pleural space.
- If air gets collected within the pleural space, it causes pressure to build up over the lungs.
- If the pressure in the pleural space is equal to the pressure outside the body, the lungs collapse as they are unable to expand during inhalation.
- This condition is medically referred to as pneumothorax.
- Strep Throat (Streptococcal pharyngitis) - It is a bacterial infection in the throat.
- Symptoms include high-grade fever, severe throat pain, dry cough, white or red spots on the back of the throat.
However, the actual radiation exposure taking place within a diagnostic imaging; done taking all required safety measures, is considered to be very a smaller amount, thus, safe to be carried out on pregnant women (again debatable). Women diagnosed with lung embolism are usually put on Lovenox pictures (low molecular weight heparin), and asked to take rest.
- Small or a partial collapse occurs when a small amount of air collects between the lungs and the chest wall.
- This might not be a medical emergency, but the dip in the levels of oxygen in the blood is most likely to give rise to shortness of breath.
- The symptoms are severe when a large amount of air collects in the pleural space, thereby putting a lot of pressure on the lungs and the heart.
- Under such circumstances, the affected individual is likely to experience symptoms such as:
Home Remedies for Cough
There are plenty of remedies that can cure this debilitating condition. Let's have a look at some of them. Take a vaporizer and add 10 to 14 drops of thyme oil in it. Breathe in the steam from the vaporizer. The steam will help soothe the inflamed airways and even help clear the sinus congestion. This will in turn help clear the phlegm in your throat and lungs.
How to Deal With this Cough?
The duration for which this cough lasts will differ from person to person. In some individuals, the cilia recovery process is quite speedy and hence, the cough may last for no more than a week. At the max, a person may experience cough along with other withdrawal symptoms for 3 - 4 weeks. If the symptoms persist even after a month, it is wise to consult a doctor and opt for proper diagnosis of the problem.
- Cystic Fibrosis: This can be a genetic problem in which there too much production of mucous in the lungs.
- It is a chronic condition that runs in families contributes to excessive build up of mucous in the airways.
- This kind of limits airflow and also leads to signs and symptoms such as trouble inhaling and exhaling as well as upper body congestion.
- Diagnosis Diagnosis of chronic bronchitis is done on the basis of physical examination, medical history and certain investigations.
- Imaging tests such as X-ray or CT scan are done to check the presence of mucus.
- Sputum culture is advised to determine the presence of bacteria.
- Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) is performed in order to determine capabilities and characteristics of the lungs.
- Peak flow meter is used to evaluate certain breathing changes as well as response to medications.
- Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) is an important blood test to analyze the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
As we mentioned before, increased cough after the person quits smoking can cause utter discomfort. In such circumstances, he is left with no option but to resort to various measures to ease coughing and other side effects. Throat lozenges and cough syrup can help in easing these withdrawal symptoms. It is very important to make sure that you treat cough associated with smoking cessation, as it is one of the driving factors when it comes to relapse.
Here is the process of clearing the lungs of the phlegm: All people who smoke are advised to give up the habit of smoking, as smoking causes many lung problems. Also, you should not ignore sinus infections or even several nose infections. Do not get addicted to cough suppressants. Try and spit the particular phlegm with out swallowing it.
THE DOCTORS Explains The Major Types of Coughs
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- Remedy # 4 - Natural Teas Ginger is one of the most powerful what can be used for curing these ailments.
- Since ginger is too hot and pungent to be had just as it is, you need to add some in the tea that you make.
- Hold the tea when steaming very hot and there are significantly relief for the throat.
- Some other what are known to offer alleviation also include chamomile and lemon grass.
- The cough accompanied with fever (mild, severe, high fever)?
- Are cough and fever accompanied with other symptoms like vomiting, nausea, difficulty in breathing, etc.?
- Sinusitis - It is the inflammation of the sinuses due to allergy or infection.
- Thick discharge from nose, nasal congestion, severe cough at night, fever, headache, fatigue, etc., are the common symptoms of sinusitis.
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Sometimes, the Doctor May Try to Reach the Clot With the Help of a Catheter
The catheter is a flexible tube inserted into the upper thigh (groin) or arm through a vein to allow access to the bloodstream for treatment of the clot in the lung. Through the catheter the doctor can either extract the clot or inject medicine to dissolve the clot. Very rarely is surgery opted for, to remove the clot. Only patients suffering from recurrent embolism require to undergo surgery.
- What to Look For What is the type of cough?
- Is it dry, mucus-producing, 'barky', persistent, hacking?
- Does the cough occur throughout the day, or only at night?
- Severe Coughing: Another cause of broken ribs is severe and prolonged coughing, which can cause extended pressure on the rib cage.
- Especially, if a person has pneumonia or bronchitis, then severe coughs can lead to broken ribs.
- Meningitis - It is the inflammation of the membranes (meninges) that cover the brain and the spinal cord.
- High fever, severe headache, stiff neck, seizures, confusion, etc., are the common symptoms.
- Coughing and other flu-like signs are the lesser known symptoms.
In today's times, the deteriorating quality of air due to the release of gas and toxic chemicals into the atmosphere also increases the risk of bronchitis, in both children and adults. Industrial dusts and emission of smoke from vehicles are the ones that actually pollute the air. Inhaling this polluted air, which is common in developing and developed countries, can inflame the bronchial tubes, eventually causing respiratory problems like bronchitis.
- Laryngitis - It is the inflammation of the larynx or the voice box, leading to irritation of the vocal cords.
- Voice becoming hoarse, loss of voice, sore throat, cough, mild fever, swollen lymph nodes in the throat, etc., are the symptoms of laryngitis.
Possible Causes and Accompanying Symptoms
Allergy - An allergy is an adverse reaction by the immune system to a substance. The symptoms differ according to the type of allergy. Fever, cough, sore throat, skin rash, irritation, etc., are some of the common symptoms of airborne allergies and hay fever.
- Cough can be of different types like dry, mucus-producing, persistent, whooping, 'barky', wheezing, etc.
- Describing the exact type of cough can help in diagnosing the underlying cause quickly.
Intake of certain medicines can cause nasty side effects that includes coughing at night. ACE inhibitors prescribed for high blood pressure patients are notorious for causing dry cough at night. Reducing the dosage can be beneficial to relieve cough.
- During the recovery process, the toxin buildup in the lungs and upper chest is cleared in order to facilitate normal breathing pattern.
- Along with coughing, the person may also spit up black mucus in course of recovery.
- The problem is quite common in people who go cold turkey after smoking for several years.
- Even though coughing after you quit smoking is a good sign in terms of general health, you should consult a doctor if severe cough persists.
How to Treat Pulmonary Embolism?
Diagnosis It is not easy to diagnose pulmonary embolism, because the symptoms are not specific enough. There are blood tests that can help understand if a person is prone to DVT or PE, however, it does not detect a clot. Moreover, a regular X-ray will not spot the clot. The Duplex Doppler ultrasound method is used to check the rate of blood flow in the veins of the legs and also to identify blood clots in lungs.
- Complications Taking proper care is most important if one has been diagnosed with a broken rib as it can go further with many complications.
- Some of them are mentioned below:
- Influenza (Flu) - It is a viral infection, severe than common cold.
- Dry cough, fever, sore throat, body ache, headache, etc., are the identifying symptoms.
To provide you with the essentials, the term 'pneumonia' is used to refer to the inflammation of lungs. In most people, this is activated by infectivity. Now this infection could be due to pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungus and even parasites; that bacteria and viruses tend to be the most common culprits. Yet pneumonia is not only a result of a pathogen attack, but it can also be a repercussion of an invasion of foreign matters into the lungs.
Pneumonia: A broken rib causes difficulty in breathing, sneezing, as well as coughing. It is very necessary to take care as it can lead to a chest infection -- mostly pneumonia. One should take deep breaths every hour, and coughing should not be stopped unless it becomes tough for you as it is a way to throw out infections.
While some medication can prove fatal, some others can be consumed safely during pregnancy. The best method is to prevent diseases during pregnancy, by taking precautionary measures. However, there are some common conditions, like cough and cold, which can affect any pregnant woman. A basic understanding about safe medicines may prove helpful in such situations.
- All the lung diseases are differentiated according to the categories given in the previous section.
- Some of the diseases even carry symptoms or problems of more than one category.
- Following is the list of major lung diseases.
- The list may not be complete, but we have tried to bring most of the major diseases into your knowledge.
- Cancerous Lesion: One needs to do regular checkups to keep an eye if any lesion is formed on the ribs.
- The lesion, if cancerous, can make the bones weak and result in breakage of that bone.
Asthma Asthma is really a persistent respiratory condition that can be caused due to causes just like coming in contact with persistent smoke, having family history, and so forth. At times, the particular airways out of the blue filter because of exposure to contaminants in the air or cold oxygen. This gives rise to asthma. Wheezing, chest blockage, cough, etc., are the symptoms of asthma.
Are the Symptoms Worsening After Every Passing Day?
Treatment You should consult the doctor and get the underlying cause diagnosed immediately. Prescription medications, cough syrup, etc., help in treating cough in minor cases. In case, if you suffer from any of the aforementioned disorder, the doctor will prescribe the related treatment method. Staying away from allergens, airborne pollutants, etc., can help in treating chronic cough. Over-the-counter cough medications should not be given to babies and children without consulting the doctor. Several home remedies are also effective for treating cough and mild fever.
Smoking withdrawal symptoms are roadblocks in an individual's pursuit to quit smoking, and excessive coughing is the biggest of them all. Coughing when smoking and coughing when you quit smoking are two different things. While the former is one of the hazardous effects of smoking, the latter is a withdrawal symptom associated with smoking cessation. In fact, most of the people fail to stick to their resolve only due to their inability to cope with withdrawal symptoms like cough and headache, which cause utter discomfort and tempt them to go for that one last smoke, which is never the last one.
- Pneumonia Pneumonia, a common bacterial infection, can also cause bronchitis.
- Difficulty in breathing, chest discomfort, coughing and high fever, are commonly associated with pneumonia.
- Although the bacteria invades the lungs in pneumonia, the bronchial tubes may also show signs of inflammation.
- The reason being, the proliferation of bacteria in pneumonia can also affect the bronchial tubes, leading to bronchitis.
Simple Home Remedy
Coughing at night can be indeed annoying, but an easy way to stop it would be to use Vicks VapoRub (Grease-less). A small of bottle of Vicks VapoRub is not at all costly, and is available at various drugstores. Firstly, soak a cloth in warm water and then use it to clean the bottom of the feet. Take some amount of VapoRub from the bottle and apply it evenly to the soles of the patient's feet. Applying it in excessive amounts will make it wet and cause discomfort to the patient. After applying it carefully, ask the patient to wear thick woolen socks.
- Ice Packs: One can make use of ice packs or frozen peas wrapped in a cloth to reduce the pain and swelling.
- Keep the ice pack on the injured rib for 15 minutes once or twice a day, so that the swelling will lessen.
What Causes Cough After Smoking Cessation?
Our respiratory system contains ciliahairlike projections which help in filtering all the impurities that we inhale when we breathe. Excessive smoking can cause severe damage to these hairlike projections over the period. The recovery of these structures only starts when the person quits smoking, and the cough that he experiences in course of this, is attributed to the recovery of cilia. Faster the cilia grow, severe is the cough, which implies that you should be more concerned about not experiencing cough than experiencing it.
- You might have heard of the high lung capacity of athletes, singers, and musicians who use wind instruments.
- This is very important for them, because they must have control over their breathing.
- However, increasing lung capacity is beneficial for all human beings.
- Apart from enhancing the stamina, an increased lung capacity is good for overall health.